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Articles matching the ‘Antiretroviral Rounds’ Category

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November 2nd, 2012

Antiretroviral Rounds: Resistance on Two Fronts

Got this challenging curbside consult from a colleague, and it has a interesting wrinkle: I have a longstanding patient with HIV who had many failed regimens in the 1990′s with resultant following mutations on a genotype done in 2003: NRTI (M184V, Q151M mutations);  PI (A71, I54V, K20M, L10I, L90M, V82A mutations); no NNRTI resistance. She has been undetectable since […]


March 1st, 2012

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis, the World’s Most Outdated HIV Guidelines, and What To Do About Them

Every time I cover HIV prevention in a lecture, it’s always kind of embarrassing to cite the “official” post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines, which are here (non-occupational) and here (occupational). That’s right, they were last updated in 2005, the year of Hurricane Katrina. Yes — more than six years ago. The alternative choices seem particularly curious (read: […]


December 28th, 2011

Why We Still Need HIV/ID Specialists

Over on Journal Watch AIDS Clinical Care, we periodically publish a tricky case — always drawn from clinical practice — then ask some experts how they would manage it, and why. The most recent case pretty much has it all: Multiple prior regimens Multi-class drug resistance Metabolic complications Bad allergy history, one event nearly requiring […]


March 1st, 2011

Like It or Not, PrEP Enters the Clinic

Since the publication of iPrEx, the hypothetical decision about whether to prescribe pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has become a practical reality. As a result, we’ve posted a case on the Journal Watch/AIDS Clinical Care site, describing someone who requests intermittent pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV. It’s a high-risk, HIV-negative man who’s been treated several times with post-exposure prophylaxis. […]


April 14th, 2010

Maraviroc Rarely Used for Treatment-Naive Patients

Over in Journal of Infectious Diseases, the MERIT study was recently published (with Chuck Hicks’ Journal Watch summary here), demonstrating that maraviroc is non-inferior to efavirenz — provided that the enhanced-sensitivity tropism test is used to select appropriate candidates. (The MERIT study began in 2004-5.  Don’t think I’ll ever forget that, since the investigator meeting […]


March 28th, 2010

Kidneys: Fortunately, We Have Two

Here’s a case over in our Journal Watch: AIDS Clinical Care site:  a man with suspected PCP develops rapidly progressive renal failure after being starting on both empiric PCP treatment with TMP-SMX and ART with TDF/FTC plus darunavir/ritonavir. The specific questions at the end of the case were: What do you think is causing the […]


July 10th, 2009

Time for a Switch? What Actually Happened

A couple of months ago, I presented these three clinically stable, virologically suppressed patients — and asked if they should switch treatment: 50 year old man on ABC/3TC, EFV since 2000.  No renal disease.  Hyperlipidemia, on atorvastatin 80 mg a day.  Father died of an MI age 48. 63 year old man, on EFV + […]


June 13th, 2009

Occupational Exposures and HIV Testing

A couple of years ago, an ID-colleague of mine told me about a tough case:  While working in the ICU, an anesthesiologist sustained a pretty severe needle stick.  Approached for HIV testing, the source of the exposure felt threatened by the providers in the ICU, and refused to sign the consent. The patient then deteriorated […]


May 19th, 2009

Time for a Switch? Room for Debate

With first-line therapy for HIV being so astonishingly successful, much of what we do in practice is tweak regimens that are by virologic and immunologic standards, working just fine:  Viral load undetectable, CD4 stable. But not so fast — while one of my colleagues said that if he didn’t change his patients’ regimens, then he’d […]


April 24th, 2009

Colonoscopy in HIV Patients, Part II: Problem (Mostly) Solved

Both here and on the AIDS Clinical Care site, we posted a case of a 50-year-old HIV+ man in need of a screening colonoscopy.  What sedation could he receive while on tenofovir/FTC and ritonavir-boosted atazanavir?  Specifically, would midazolam and fentanyl (“contraindicated” in the ritonavir package insert) be ok? (Same issue for efavirenz, by the way.) […]


HIV Information: Author Paul Sax, M.D.

Paul E. Sax, MD

Contributing Editor

NEJM Journal Watch
Infectious Diseases

Biography | Disclosures | Summaries

Learn more about HIV and ID Observations.